- Alternative Health / Natural Healing
- Astrology / New Star Signs
- Law of Attraction
- Crystals / Gemstones
- Dreams / Feng Shui
- Harry Potter / Mythology
- Inspiration / Humour
- Fiction - Jan Reid (Paperback & Kindle)
- Children's Picture Books (Paperback & Kindle)
- Non-Fiction - J M Lennox (Self-Help & Educational Kindle Books)
- Writing & Publishing
Astrological signs were first recorded in ancient times when astronomy and astrology were still considered one and the same; and not separate as they are today. They originated in Babylonian astronomy during the first half of the 1st millennium BC. The present day zodiac symbols emerged during the Roman Era. During this era the concept of the zodiac which evolved from the Babylonian astronomy was later influenced by Hellenistic astronomy.
The zodiac is the ring of constellations; a group of celestial bodies (usually stars) which appear to form a pattern in the sky. These stars line the ecliptic (the path of the Sun across the celestial sphere over the course of the year). It is a celestial or ecliptic coordinate system taking the vernal ecliptic as the origin of latitude and the position of the sun at equinox as the origin of longitude. The paths of the Moon and planets also lie roughly within the ecliptic and so are also within the constellations of the zodiac.
The ecliptic, as it’s perceived from the revolving Earth, passes through the constellations which became known as the Zodiac - Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces. The early astronomers observed the Sun travelling through the signs of the zodiac in the course of one year. They observed that it was present for about a month in each and so calculated that each constellation extends 30 degrees across the ecliptic.
In the Northern Hemisphere the first day of spring was once marked by the zero point of the zodiac called the vernal equinox (as mentioned above) occurring as the ecliptic and celestial equator, intersect. Around 600 BC the zero point was in Aries and this constellation encompassed the first 30 degrees of the ecliptic; from 30 to 60 degrees was Taurus; from 60 to 90 degrees was Gemini, and so on, for all twelve signs of the Zodiac.
What has become apparent in recent times, however, is that early astronomers may not have been fully aware of the extent of the gravitational attraction of the Moon on the Earth’s equator actually causing the Earth to ‘wobble’ – called precession. The earth continually wobbles around its axis in a 25,800 year cycle and over the past two and a half millennia this wobble has caused the intersection point between the celestial and ecliptic equators to move west along the ecliptic by 36 degrees (almost one tenth of the way around).
This means that the astrological or zodiac signs have changed one tenth or almost one complete month. For example, those born between March 21st and April 20th would consider themselves to be an Aries. Today the Sun is no longer within the constellation of Aries during much of that period. From March 12th to April 18th, the Sun is actually in the constellation of Pisces. Has your ‘star sign’ now changed?
Horoscopic astrology is a system which some say developed in the Mediterranean region and specifically Hellenistic Egypt around the late 2nd or early 1st century BC. Although ultimately passed on from Babylonian astrology, horoscopic astrology has been practiced in
since ancient times. Vedic (Hindu) astrology is the oldest surviving form of horoscopic astrology in the world. India
It is the form of astrology that uses a horoscope; a visual representation of the heavens for a specific moment in time, in order to interpret the meaning in connection with the alignment of the planets at that exact moment.
What makes Horoscopic Astrology distinct from other forms of astrology is the inclusion of the degree of the Eastern horizon rising against the backdrop of the ecliptic at a specific moment in time, known as the ascendant. As a general rule, any system of astrology that does not utilize the ascendant does not fall under the category of horoscopic astrology.
Vedic and Western astrology share a common ancestry as horoscopic systems of astrology, in that both traditions focus on the casting of an astrological chart or horoscope. However, Vedic astrology uses the sidereal (fixed, constellational) zodiac, linking the signs of the zodiac to their original constellations, while much Western astrology uses the tropical (seasonal) zodiac.
Horoscopic astrology can be summed up as the practice of casting an astrological chart to analyze the birth charts of individuals in order to read character, psychological traits, and, to some extent, destiny. It is the most influential and widespread form of astrology in Africa,
India, Europe and the Middle East. Medieval and most modern Western traditions of astrology are derived from this type of astrology.
When astrology is mentioned it conjures up images of the constellations that we gaze upon in the night sky. As the Moon affects the tides of the rivers and oceans, and the Sun affects whether it is day or night, astrologers believe that the celestial bodies in our universe also have an affect upon Earth and influence the lives of its inhabitants.
As astrology was being developed in ancient times by the Babylonians and Hellenistic Greeks astrologers based what is called Tropical Astrology on the path of the Sun traversing the Earth in relation to the change of the seasons. They used the tropics as their reference points. This type of astrology is widely used in the Western world.
In contrast, Vedic (Hindu) astrology, which is known to be the oldest type of astrology, uses what is called Sidereal Astrology, based on planets passing through the current or true positions of the fixed stars. This eliminates the need to recalculate due to precession (the gradual shift in the orientation of Earth’s axis of rotation) which has occurred over time.
Tropical Astrology is largely exclusive to Western astrologers. However some Western astrologers choose to practice Sidereal Astrology. These astrologers take the view that Tropical Astrology is no longer relevant because it does not align with the actual position of the stars; having a basis which was developed prior to the consideration of precession.
However, in spite of precession Tropical Astrology remains unchanged, as it is based on the Earth's and our relationship to the sun, and not to the stars. The names of the zodiacal constellations that became our ‘sun and star signs’ are, according to tropical astrology, intended to suggest the characteristics of (the sun in) each constellation of the year.
Astronomy and astrology were first recorded in ancient times where they were considered one and the same and not separate as they are today. It has only been since the 18th century that they gradually became recognised as separate after the period of time known as the ‘Age of Reason’.
Astronomers endeavour to understand the physics of the universe, studying the objects and phenomena originating beyond the Earth’s atmosphere. They use scientific method, natural presuppositions and abstract mathematical reasoning.
Astrologers focus on astronomical calculations of the positions of celestial objects, as a basis for psychology, prediction of future events and other esoteric knowledge. They believe that celestial objects influence the Earth and human affairs.
Both astronomy and astrology are based on the application of an ephemeris (a table of values) that gives the positions of astronomical objects in the sky at a given time or times. However, different types of ephemerides are used for astronomy and astrology.
Astronomers use a scientific ephemeris which is comprised of software that generates the positions of planets, and other astronomical objects, past and future, based on the theory of celestial mechanics. However, there are secular phenomena factors that cannot adequately be considered by ephemerides.
Astrologers use different types of ephemerides, according to whether they use tropical or sidereal astrology. The ephemeris used for tropical astrology is the same type of ephemeris that is used by astronomers; however, the ephemeris used for sidereal astrology (which is the oldest type of astrology) is different.
Although both astronomy and astrology differ in their goals and disciplines they both see the Earth as being an integral part of the universe. They both believe that the Earth and the universe are interconnected as one cosmos, and are not separate and distinct from each other.
© Copyright J M Lennox. All Rights Reserved.
Why do friendships end? Does it still leave you wondering at times? It may have to do with how you view friendship, as well as your beliefs about life in general; both are equally important to consider.
There is a quote that attempts to explain why some people come into our lives, either for a short time, for a longer time, or even for life. I have broken it down into the three different aspects below:-
People can come into our lives for a ‘reason’:
- To meet a need we have expressed.
- To assist us through some difficulty.
- To provide us with guidance and support.
- To aid us physically, emotionally or spiritually.
They are there for the ‘reason’ we need them to be, even though we may not be consciously aware of it. Then, something will ‘happen’ to cause this friendship to end. It may have nothing to do with any ‘wrong doing’. The friendship just – ends. This is because the ‘reason’ for the friendship in the beginning, has been met.
People can come into our lives for a ‘season’:
- To share, grow or learn.
- To bring us an experience of peace.
- To make us have fun, and laugh.
- To teach us something we have never done.
They are there for a ‘season’, and give us a sense of joy or feelings of satisfaction. Then, once again, something will ‘happen’ to cause this friendship to end. The friendship just – ends. This is because the ‘season’ of that friendship may have felt like it would continue for years, but the cycle of that season ended.
People can come into our lives, for a ‘lifetime’:
- To teach us.
- To learn from us.
- To share with us; all that we have learned together.
- To build upon our combined experiences.
Some people believe that we only ever have one life on earth and that even with free will there is a divine plan in place for each of us. Some people believe that we have many lives and that we decide before we start each life what we plan to achieve in that life. In other words, either way, our friendships and the duration of them may well be a large part of our life's purpose.
Even if our friendships were not pre-planned, we each have something to offer one another, and we are all important in the scheme of life. Friendships may come and go, but what we have learned and experienced through them, can last a lifetime - or more.
One of my favourite quotes:
‘We are not human beings having a spiritual experience, but spiritual beings having a human experience.’ Teilhard de Chardin 1881 - 1955
Most of us use charms without realising it. We touch ‘wood’ for good luck, hang a horseshoe with the points facing upward above our front doors, and even wear the colour of our favourite sport’s team. All of these actions originated from a time when everyone believed that the energy of the universe could be channelled into objects and symbols.
Charms today are still effective when used with awareness and clear intent. Charms in the home give protection to your family, possessions and create a calm environment. Charm bracelets, rings and other jewellery are a popular way of carrying these with you all through the day. Gifts to others are often knowingly or unknowingly, a charm offering.
Listed below are some of the common charms you may already be familiar with:
- A silver cup for a baby at a christening is a symbol of health and happiness
- A horseshoe charm at a wedding increases the fertility of the union
- The key that adorns 18th and 21st birthday cards unlocks the secrets of adult life
- The Christmas feast affirms the prosperity of the year ahead
- Religious images worn as jewellery carry protection from the source
- A cross of elder twigs placed on the front door deters unwelcome guests
- Foreign coins are used as personal good luck charms by travellers
- Finding a penny and cherishing it attracts wealth
- Carrying or wearing crystals allows connection with energies of nature
- A dream catcher hung above the bed protects sleepers from nightmares
You may use these charms due to tradition, or just because it makes you feel good. Whatever the reason, the fact remains – we have been using charms for a very long time.
© Copyright Jan Reid-Lennox. All Rights Reserved.
© Copyright J M Lennox. All Rights Reserved.
It is true that our planet possesses some truly amazing and beautiful natural and man made wonders, but recently I was reminded of an email that was sent to me regarding a teachers request to a class to list what they considered to be: The Seven Wonders of The World.
While many in the class listed wonders such as: The Great Pyramids of
, The Taj Mahal, The Grand Canyon, The Panama Canal, The Empire State Building, St. Peter's Basilica and The Great Wall of China; one child listed the following: Egypt
Out of the mouths of babes….
Definitely worth considering, don’t you think? Which I did, and then decided I would like to include an Eighth Wonder of The World, which I believe deserves mention, although difficult to define, and it is the reason why I have left the picture - blank!
The Human Spirit:
If you believe in the Law of Attraction you may be familiar with the famous quote by Napoleon Hill: ’Whatever the mind can conceive and believe, it can achieve!’
You may also be familiar with another quote of Napoleon Hill’s: ‘All achievements, all earned riches, have their beginning in an idea!’
My understanding of these quotes, in simple terms, is that our current circumstances are created by what we thought and believed in our past. And we can create our future, subject to this concept.
As a recent convert to the principles of the Law of Attraction, and an online entrepreneur, I have become very conscious of my thoughts, particularly in relation to my business.
The concept of setting goals is a necessary part of any business. It is not only beneficial for motivational purposes but essential for future planning.
Here lies the question regarding the use of the word - goal, in applying the Law of Attraction. According to Collins, Australian Dictionary: the meaning of the word - goal, is aim; and the meaning of the word - aim, is intend.
Now that explanation is fairly straight forward. However, if we set a goal, won’t it always be something we are aiming or intending to do? Won’t it always be a goal and never actually reach a conclusion? Isn’t the concept of the Law of Attraction that we must truly believe we have achieved what we desire before we achieve it? How can we believe we have achieved what it is we desire if we put it in the category of an aim or intention.
How about this for an idea! What if we were to replace the word - goal, with the word - success?
Once again, according to the dictionary, we find that the meaning of the word - success, is achievement of something attempted! And, the word - achievement, something accomplished!
Changing the word goal, to success, implies that you have already achieved your desires. I don’t know about you, but I like the idea of a success plan, instead of a goal. And I feel like I have already created a more prosperous and happy future. To your success!
© Copyright Jan Reid-Lennox. All Rights Reserved.
© Copyright Jan Reid-Lennox. All Rights Reserved.